Tax-Exempt Status

Tax Law Change Needed to Protect Electric Co-op Tax-Exempt Status

Most of America’s electric cooperatives are tax-exempt organizations under Internal Revenue Code (IRC) Section 501(c)(12). In order to maintain tax exempt status, an electric cooperative must receive at least 85 percent of all income from its members. Changes to the federal tax law in 2017 jeopardize the tax-exempt status of electric cooperatives that receive any kind of federal or state government funding. This includes grants for disaster relief, energy efficiency, economic development and rural broadband deployment.


Key Findings:

  • Recent changes to the Internal Revenue Code created an unintended consequence for rural electric cooperatives. Government grants are now considered non-member income.
  • If a government grant or reimbursement is not a capital contribution, then the grant may be considered non-member income and could jeopardize a cooperative’s tax-exempt status.
  • As community-focused, member organizations, electric cooperatives must comply with the 85 percent-15 percent income test. No more than 15 percent of gross income may come from non-member sources.

Article:Bipartisan Bill Would Protect Co-ops From Losing Tax-Exempt Status

NRECA Position:

  • Congress must act now to correct this unintended consequence and protect the tax status of electric co-ops. In doing so, Congress would preserve the full value of government grants that deliver societal benefits to the communities served by electric cooperatives, many of which are located in persistent poverty counties. America’s Electric Cooperatives supports H.R.2147 and S.1032.

Fact Sheet: Tax Law Change Needed To Protect Electric Co-op Tax-Exempt Status


Have your Senators and Representative cosponsored RURAL Act? Click here for H.R. 2147 and S.1032 cosponsors.